1.1 Healthy natural ecosystems are critical to the ecological well being of all living entities and
especially for the economic security of people. Eco tourism has the potential to enhance wilderness
protection and wildlife conservation, while providing nature – compatible livelihood and greater
incomes for a large number of people living around natural ecosystem. This can help to contribute
directly to the protection of wildlife or forest areas, while making the local community stakeholders
and owners in the process.
The Eco tourism plan of Melghat Tiger Reserve lays down a detail set of frame work based on
• The revised guidelines issued by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, Ministry of
Environment & Forest, Govt. of India, New Delhi vide its letter No. 15-31/2012-NTCA
dated 15/10/2012 . For concerned guidelines please refer to annex:II.
• The revised Eco–Tourism Policy declared by the Govt. of Maharashtra vide its Resolution
No. WLP -2012/C.N. 309/F-1, Mantralaya, Mumbai, Revenue & Forest Department, dated
09/11/2012(For ready reference please refer to annex:III ) issued in accordance with the
decision given by the Honorable Supreme Court in special leave to Appeal Civil suit No.
21339/2011 dated 16/10/2012.
These documents give in detail the methodology of selection, planning, implementation and
monitoring of ecotourism in Melghat Tiger Reserve
1.2 The Need for Eco – Tourism Plan:-
Eco–Tourism is defined as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the
environment and improves the well–being of the local people”. Eco–Tourism, when practiced
correctly, is an important economic and educational activity. It has the scope to link to a wider
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constituency and build conservation support, while raising awareness about the worth and fragility of
ecosystems in the public at large. Such tourism is low–impact, educational and conserves the
environment while directly benefiting the economic development of local communities, i.e., the
tribal and other traditional forest dwellers living in and around these fragile landscapes of the tiger
reserve. Unplanned tourism in such landscapes without taking into account its carrying capacity can
destroy the very environment that attracts such tourism. Eco tourism must provide more than mere
enjoyment, it must foster changes in the attitude and behavior of tourists about the protection of the
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF ECO TOURISM:
Highlight the heritage value of India’s wilderness and protected areas.
Build environment & cultural awareness and respect.
Facilitate the sustainability of ecotourism enterprises & activities.
Provide livelihood opportunities to local communities and benefit sharing
Use indigenously locally produced and ecologically sustainable materials for
Wilderness conservation in ecologically sensitive landscapes.
Capacity building of local communities in planning, providing and managing
Conservation, education and training.
Proper monitoring and evaluation of the impact of ecotourism in the protected
areas from time to
time, through the Local Advisory committee as constituted by
the State Govt.